Publications

The Future Agricultures Consortium produces research in a variety of formats.Several key research series are available for download, circulation and citation.

Use the search field below or review our thematically structured research archive.


Latest articles

Agriculture Policy Processes in Kenya
January 7, 2006 / Policy Briefs

Policy Brief 07
By Patrick O. Alila and Rosemary Atieno
January 2006


The success of Kenya’s Strategy for Revitalising Agriculture (SRA), discussed in the Future Agricultures briefing Agricultural Policy in Kenya, depends critically on policy processes, structures and actors affecting agricultural policy in Kenya. This briefing examines the impact of each of these factors on Kenyan agricultural policy-making, both historically and in the present. It situates the various policy-making, ‘nodes’ within the SRA framework and considers whether or not these structures and processes are sufficient for implementation of the SRA.

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Policy Brief 007 Pdf 366.83 KB 2 downloads

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Agricultural Policy in Kenya
January 6, 2006 / Policy Briefs

Policy Brief 06
By Patrick O. Alila and Rosemary Atieno
January 2006

Agriculture is the backbone of the Kenyan economy. It contributes approximately 25% of GDP, employing 75% of the national labour force. Over 80% of the Kenyan population live in rural areas and make a living, directly or indirectly, from agriculture.
The sector is important for poverty reduction since the most vulnerable groups, such as pastoralists, the landless, and subsistence farmers, depend on agriculture as their main source of livelihoods. Growth in agriculture therefore can be expected to have a significant impact on a larger section of the population than any other sector. Likewise, policies affecting the performance of agriculture have important implications for the economy as a whole.

 

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Policy Brief 006 Pdf 371.00 KB 2 downloads

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Agriculture, Growth and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia
January 5, 2006 / Policy Briefs

Policy Brief 05
By Amdissa Teshome
January 2006

Trade-offs between growth and poverty reduction and the role of agriculture are major contemporary issues in debates about future agricultures in Africa. In Ethiopia, this has been a long-running debate, but one that has been brought into sharper focus by the recent discussions about the second PRSP (Povery Reduction Strategy Paper) –the Plan for Accelerated and Sustainable Development to End Poverty (PASDEP). This briefing explores the policy processes surrounding PASDEP, and the implications this has for agricultural policy and rural development more broadly.

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Policy Brief 005 Pdf 343.42 KB 2 downloads

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Intensification of Smallholder Agriculture in Ethiopia
January 4, 2006 / Policy Briefs

Policy Brief 04
By Samuel Gebreselassie
January 2006

The prevailing orthodoxy is to see the problem of smallholder agriculture in Ethiopia strictly as a technical and resource related problem. This view identifies the low level of agricultural productivity as the key problem. In response, the government of Ethiopia has since the mid-1990s, implemented a high-profile, national technology-led extension programme. But has this worked, and what are the limitations of such a strategy

 

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Policy Brief 004 Pdf 371.07 KB 2 downloads

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Food Aid and Smallholder Agriculture in Ethiopia
January 3, 2006 / Policy Briefs

Policy Brief 03
By Samuel Gebreselassie
January 2006

Ethiopia has been structurally in food deficit since at least 1980. Today, Ethiopia is the world’s most food aid dependent country. The country received 795 thousand metric tonnes of food aid annually between 1990 and 1999, about 10% of total domestic grain production. This Briefing asks what have been the impacts of food aid in Ethiopia and what are the implications for future policy, and particularly the links between food aid and smallholder agriculture?

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Policy Brief 003 Pdf 372.96 KB 2 downloads

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Pathways for Ethiopian Agriculture: Options and Scenarios
January 2, 2006 / Policy Briefs

By Samuel Gebreselassie, Amdissa Teshome, Stephen Devereux, Ian Scoones, and Kay Sharp
Policy Brief 002

The paradox facing agricultural policy in Ethiopia was neatly encapsulated in a statement by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in 2000: “The agricultural sector remains our Achilles heel and source of vulnerability. … Nonetheless, we remain convinced that agricultural-based development remains the only source of hope for Ethiopia.

” The reality is that most Ethiopians continue to struggle to make their living from smallholder farming, despite low returns, high risks, and the evident inability of agriculture to provide even a reliable subsistence income, let alone a ‘take-off’ to poverty reduction and sustainable economic growth.

Policy-makers and analysts, both national and expatriate, have vacillated between arguing for increased investment in smallholder farming, commercialising agriculture, or abandoning unviable smallholder agriculture by promoting diversification or urbanisation instead. It is often remarked that, if Ethiopia can solve the profound challenges facing its agriculture sector, the lessons will be applicable in many other parts of Africa.

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Policy Brief 002 Pdf 342.24 KB 4 downloads

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Processus de formulation des politiques agricoles au Kenya
January 1, 2006 / Briefings politiques / Policy briefs in French

Au Kenya, le succès de la Stratégie de relance de l’agriculture (SRA), examinée par Future Agricultures dans son document d’information « La politique agricole kenyane », dépend des structures, acteurs et processus politiques affectant la politique agricole kenyane. Ce document d’information examine l’impact de chacun de ces facteurs sur les politiques agricoles kenyanes d’hier mais aussi d’aujourd’hui. Il resitue les différentes étapes politiques présentes dans le cadre de la SRA et vérifie si ces structures et actions sont suffisantes ou non pour la mise en oeuvre de la SRA.

Terres, politique foncière et agriculture paysanne en Éthiopie
January 1, 2006 / Briefings politiques / Policy briefs in French

Terre et régime foncier sont des sujets sensibles en Éthiopie. Trois problèmes cruciaux se posent : d’abord, la taille et le morcellement de l’exploitation et la question de savoir ce qu’est une exploitation « viable » ; ensuite, la sécurité foncière et savoir si le manque de cadastrage/de certification ou la définition d’unités cadastrales freinent les investissements visant à l’amélioration de la productivité ; et enfin, suivre les marchés fonciers et savoir si des marchés en évolution irrégulière réduisent les opportunités de remembrement, d’investissement et de croissance.

Orientations possibles pour l’agriculture au Malawi : défis et dilemmes. (ii) politique
January 1, 2006 / Briefings politiques / Policy briefs in French

Ce document d’information examine les défis et dilemmes auquels sont confrontés les décideurs en matière de politique agricole au Malawi, qu’ils soient issus des processus politiques actuels ou qu’ils soient enracinés dans les politiques et résultats du passé.

Issues pour l’agriculture éthiopienne : options et scénarios
January 1, 2006 / Briefings politiques / Policy briefs in French

Le Premier ministre éthiopien Meles Zenawi a clairement cerné le paradoxe de la politique agricole nationale en 2000 lors d’une déclaration : « L’agriculture demeure notre talon d’Achille et une source de vulnérabilité […] Nous demeurons cependant convaincus que l’agriculture est le seul espoir de développement de l’Ethiopie ». Le fait est que la plupart des Ethiopiens luttent pour vivre sur de petites exploitations agricoles, obtenant de faibles rendements, courant des risques, dans une activité incapable de leur fournir un revenu de subsistance fiable et encore moins de leur permettre de « décoller » grâce à une réduction de la pauvreté ou à une croissance économique durable. Les décideurs politiques et les observateurs, qu’ils vivent en Ethiopie ou à l’étranger, hésitent entre encourager l’investissement dans les petites exploitations, l’agriculture commerciale ou l’abandon de ces fermes familiales sans avenir, en faveur de la diversification ou de l’urbanisation. Ils soulignent souvent que, si l’Ethiopie peut résoudre les problèmes graves de son agriculture, les leçons pourront s’appliquer dans de nombreuses autres régions africaines.