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Large scale land governance in Mozambique - workshop report Large scale land governance in Mozambique - workshop report

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Date added: 09/18/2013
Date modified: 09/18/2013
Filesize: 575.75 kB
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Gaynor Paradza
September 2013

This document summarises a workshop on large-scale land governance in Mozambique, organised by Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, PLAAS and Future Agricultures.

For more information and presentations from the workshop, see the event page.

Commercialisation of Land and ‘Land Grabbing‘: Implications for Land Rights and Livelihoods Commercialisation of Land and ‘Land Grabbing‘: Implications for Land Rights and Livelihoods

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Date added: 09/18/2013
Date modified: 09/18/2013
Filesize: 904.96 kB
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This brochure summarises the project Commercialisation of Land and ‘Land Grabbing‘: Implications for Land Rights and Livelihoods in Southern Africa.

The project investigates the multiple pressures towards the commercialisation of land in Southern Africa – specifically the leasing, concessions or sale of public and communal lands to foreign companies and governments for food production, for tourism developments, for biofuel production, and for other commercial agricultural uses. These pressures are part of a global phenomenon that has accelerated since the ‘food price crisis’ of 2007-2008.

The project critically investigates how these factors impact on land rights, how land users are responding, their views of the deals and their impacts, how governments and other authorities in the region are responding (and promoting or opposing) major transnational land deals, and we work with local land users, through local research institutions, NGOs and other structures, to document the land deals and their effects, to develop recommendations for policy, and to inform advocacy in national, regional, continental and global contexts.

The project duration is three years, with the final year exclusively dedicated to dissemination and engagement with a wide spectrum of actors on the basis of research findings.

Land and Agricultural Commercialisation in Africa (LACA) Land and Agricultural Commercialisation in Africa (LACA)

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Date added: 05/03/2013
Date modified: 05/03/2013
Filesize: 1000.6 kB
Downloads: 900

March 2013

Debates continue among policymakers and academics about the relative merits of large and small farms. Recent transnational investments in commercial agriculture have prompted the resurgence of plantations and other forms of large-scale commercial agriculture.

This research update summarises the project Land and Agricultural Commercialisation in Africa (LACA), outlining the research questions, methodology, areas of work and planned outputs. The project runs until 2015, with field work on case studies in Ghana, Kenya and Zambia. It is supported by an Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) - DFID Joint Poverty Alleviation Bid under the ‘Resource Scarcity, Growth and Poverty Reduction’ Theme of 2012-2015.

Commercialising from the bottom up: Onions in central Tanzania Commercialising from the bottom up: Onions in central Tanzania

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Date added: 04/16/2012
Date modified: 04/16/2012
Filesize: 655.65 kB
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Commercialisation theme Research Update 04
by Khamaldin Mutabazi, Ntengua Mdoe & Steve Wiggins

With minimal assistance and direction, small farmers in central Tanzania have created thriving plots of irrigated onions, marketed in Dar, other parts of Tanzania and in the region.

Lack of formal credit has not prevented many farmers fertilising their crops heavily. Two villages have been able to overcome poor road access.

Informal marketing work well enough: traders make small margins on the onions they buy and sell.

Farmers are reluctant to co-operate in production or marketing; yet the irrigation depends on local water associations and these function.

Government and donor roles have largely been keeping the peace, a stable macro-economy and investing in physical infrastructure — the roads, and upgrading the irrigation intakes. Provision of schools and health posts have brought services to the villages.

Helping small farmers to commercialise: Evidence from growing onion and tomatoes in central Ethiopia Helping small farmers to commercialise: Evidence from growing onion and tomatoes in central Ethiopia

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Date added: 04/16/2012
Date modified: 04/16/2012
Filesize: 638.73 kB
Downloads: 3980

Commercialisation theme Research Update 03
by Samuel Gebreselassie

Despite decades-old local awareness and knowledge on production of irrigated high value cash crops, many farmers only began to expand irrigated onions and tomatoes for sale once the local agricultural bureau began to support them after 2005. Small but well-focused outside support can help small farmers to seize local opportunities that, though incurring production and market risks, can raise their earnings and improve their livelihoods.

Most types of small farmers – young or small, poor or rich –took part in the intervention. Female farmers, however, were discouraged owing to demands on their scarce time, price fluctuations, working capital, and difficulties selling crops.

The intervention helps local agriculture to become more commercialised. Once farmers engaged in commercial production, a remarkable change was observed in the objectives of farmers growing irrigated crops. Investment on farm and non-farm businesses emerged as the principal objective, rather than just subsistence and income.

In view of emerging challenges to expand irrigated farm land, effort should be made to learn and scale up practices of best performers who currently harvest substantially higher yields more than their neighbours.

In marketing, there is scope to improve the seasonal mismatch in demand and supply and facilitate the linkages between producers and potential buyers in nearby towns.

Research Update: Climate chaos, policy dilemmas Research Update: Climate chaos, policy dilemmas

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Date added: 02/24/2012
Date modified: 02/24/2012
Filesize: 345.43 kB
Downloads: 1818
Research update on the Future Agricultures Consortium's work on climate change and policy in Kenya, February 2012.

Transforming Livelihoods for Resilient Futures: How to Facilitate Graduation in Social Protection... Transforming Livelihoods for Resilient Futures: How to Facilitate Graduation in Social Protection...

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Date added: 03/24/2011
Date modified: 03/24/2011
Filesize: 1.08 MB
Downloads: 3497

Transforming Livelihoods for Resilient Futures: How to Facilitate Graduation in Social Protection Programmes

By Rachel Sabates-Wheeler and Stephen Devereux

It is frequently claimed that the most innovative feature of social protection, in contrast to safety nets, is that it has the potential to reduce the vulnerability of poor people to the extent that they can manage moderate risk without external support. This has led to an expansion of large-scale ‘productive safety net’ programmes. The potential to reduce vulnerability so that people can move off social protection provision is popularly termed ‘graduation.’ Clearly not all households will ‘graduate’, as some chronically vulnerable and poor people will always need social assistance. However, the vision for ‘graduation’ rests on the assumption of the existence of a large population of low-productivity, risk-prone and often poor households. Under this scenario, if risk can be underwritten through appropriate social protection then significant numbers of poor people have the potential to move out of vulnerability and extreme poverty into more productive and resilient livelihoods.

 

 

 

Range enclosures in southern Oromia, Ethiopia: an innovative response or erosion in common property Range enclosures in southern Oromia, Ethiopia: an innovative response or erosion in common property

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Date added: 12/03/2010
Date modified: 12/07/2010
Filesize: 307.5 kB
Downloads: 3803

Research Update By Bokutache Dida
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010

  • In the pastoralist livelihood, the most important change is physical fencing of areas - but reserving a section of rangeland for later use has always been an integral part of the pastoralist innovation land use system
  • Today, expansion of crop cultivation near towns and increased livestock marketing is triggering de facto private enclosures (e.g. in Moyale District) – these contribute to fragmentation of a rangeland ecosystem that is very inter-connected
  • Pastoralists are responding with community reserves: heaps of hay within enclosures covered for protection from rain and sun; these community ‘fodder banks’ are meant for use in the elongated dry season and drought years

Camel Marketing in the Northern Kenya/Southern Ethiopia Borderlands Camel Marketing in the Northern Kenya/Southern Ethiopia Borderlands

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Date added: 12/03/2010
Date modified: 03/22/2011
Filesize: 722.33 kB
Downloads: 5095

Research Update By Hussein Abdullahi Mahmoud (Pwani University College, Kilifi, Kenya)
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010

  • No camel movements were recorded to major
  • Garissa livestock clients, such as Nairobi, Mombasa, Thika, and Mwingi towns – all go to Moyale, Ethiopia.
  • Instead, a vibrant and lucrative camel market in Moyale is on the rise - herders, traders, brokers, and other market actors stand to gain.
  • Likely Kenya government is missing out of billions of Shillings in revenue.

Town Camels and Milk Villages: the growth of camel milk marketing in the Somali Region of Ethiopia Town Camels and Milk Villages: the growth of camel milk marketing in the Somali Region of Ethiopia

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Date added: 12/03/2010
Date modified: 12/03/2010
Filesize: 304.59 kB
Downloads: 4499
Research Update By Abdi Abdullahi Hussein
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010
  • Recently, the growth of small towns in the Somali region of Ethiopia has spread to pastoralists seeking ties to important new markets
  • Camels are the most important signifier of wealth and determinant of status in the community; their milk has been mostly used for domestic purposes
  • In Gode town, one pastoralist struck on an idea to market camel milk in towns
  • Today, this innovation is spreading widely and hundreds of camels are forming ‘milk villages’ around towns to meet increasing demand
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