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Default Large scale land governance in Mozambique - workshop report Popular

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Large scale land governance in Mozambique - workshop report July2013.pdf

Gaynor Paradza
September 2013

This document summarises a workshop on large-scale land governance in Mozambique, organised by Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, PLAAS and Future Agricultures.

For more information and presentations from the workshop, see the event page.

Default Commercialisation of Land and ‘Land Grabbing‘: Implications for Land Rights and Livelihoods Popular

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FAC Research Update 006.pdf

This brochure summarises the project Commercialisation of Land and ‘Land Grabbing‘: Implications for Land Rights and Livelihoods in Southern Africa.

The project investigates the multiple pressures towards the commercialisation of land in Southern Africa – specifically the leasing, concessions or sale of public and communal lands to foreign companies and governments for food production, for tourism developments, for biofuel production, and for other commercial agricultural uses. These pressures are part of a global phenomenon that has accelerated since the ‘food price crisis’ of 2007-2008.

The project critically investigates how these factors impact on land rights, how land users are responding, their views of the deals and their impacts, how governments and other authorities in the region are responding (and promoting or opposing) major transnational land deals, and we work with local land users, through local research institutions, NGOs and other structures, to document the land deals and their effects, to develop recommendations for policy, and to inform advocacy in national, regional, continental and global contexts.

The project duration is three years, with the final year exclusively dedicated to dissemination and engagement with a wide spectrum of actors on the basis of research findings.

Default Land and Agricultural Commercialisation in Africa (LACA) Popular

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FAC_Research Update 005.pdf

March 2013

Debates continue among policymakers and academics about the relative merits of large and small farms. Recent transnational investments in commercial agriculture have prompted the resurgence of plantations and other forms of large-scale commercial agriculture.

This research update summarises the project Land and Agricultural Commercialisation in Africa (LACA), outlining the research questions, methodology, areas of work and planned outputs. The project runs until 2015, with field work on case studies in Ghana, Kenya and Zambia. It is supported by an Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) - DFID Joint Poverty Alleviation Bid under the ‘Resource Scarcity, Growth and Poverty Reduction’ Theme of 2012-2015.

Default Commercialising from the bottom up: Onions in central Tanzania Popular

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Commercialisation Research Update 004.pdf

Commercialisation theme Research Update 04
by Khamaldin Mutabazi, Ntengua Mdoe & Steve Wiggins

With minimal assistance and direction, small farmers in central Tanzania have created thriving plots of irrigated onions, marketed in Dar, other parts of Tanzania and in the region.

Lack of formal credit has not prevented many farmers fertilising their crops heavily. Two villages have been able to overcome poor road access.

Informal marketing work well enough: traders make small margins on the onions they buy and sell.

Farmers are reluctant to co-operate in production or marketing; yet the irrigation depends on local water associations and these function.

Government and donor roles have largely been keeping the peace, a stable macro-economy and investing in physical infrastructure — the roads, and upgrading the irrigation intakes. Provision of schools and health posts have brought services to the villages.

Default Helping small farmers to commercialise: Evidence from growing onion and tomatoes in central Ethiopia Popular

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Commercialisation Research Update 003.pdf

Commercialisation theme Research Update 03
by Samuel Gebreselassie

Despite decades-old local awareness and knowledge on production of irrigated high value cash crops, many farmers only began to expand irrigated onions and tomatoes for sale once the local agricultural bureau began to support them after 2005. Small but well-focused outside support can help small farmers to seize local opportunities that, though incurring production and market risks, can raise their earnings and improve their livelihoods.

Most types of small farmers – young or small, poor or rich –took part in the intervention. Female farmers, however, were discouraged owing to demands on their scarce time, price fluctuations, working capital, and difficulties selling crops.

The intervention helps local agriculture to become more commercialised. Once farmers engaged in commercial production, a remarkable change was observed in the objectives of farmers growing irrigated crops. Investment on farm and non-farm businesses emerged as the principal objective, rather than just subsistence and income.

In view of emerging challenges to expand irrigated farm land, effort should be made to learn and scale up practices of best performers who currently harvest substantially higher yields more than their neighbours.

In marketing, there is scope to improve the seasonal mismatch in demand and supply and facilitate the linkages between producers and potential buyers in nearby towns.

Default Research Update: Climate chaos, policy dilemmas Popular

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Research Update 002.pdf

Research update on the Future Agricultures Consortium's work on climate change and policy in Kenya, February 2012.

Default Transforming Livelihoods for Resilient Futures: How to Facilitate Graduation in Social Protection... Popular

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Sustainable graduation framing paper rsw_sd_21-mar-11.pdf

Transforming Livelihoods for Resilient Futures: How to Facilitate Graduation in Social Protection Programmes

By Rachel Sabates-Wheeler and Stephen Devereux

It is frequently claimed that the most innovative feature of social protection, in contrast to safety nets, is that it has the potential to reduce the vulnerability of poor people to the extent that they can manage moderate risk without external support. This has led to an expansion of large-scale ‘productive safety net’ programmes. The potential to reduce vulnerability so that people can move off social protection provision is popularly termed ‘graduation.’ Clearly not all households will ‘graduate’, as some chronically vulnerable and poor people will always need social assistance. However, the vision for ‘graduation’ rests on the assumption of the existence of a large population of low-productivity, risk-prone and often poor households. Under this scenario, if risk can be underwritten through appropriate social protection then significant numbers of poor people have the potential to move out of vulnerability and extreme poverty into more productive and resilient livelihoods.




Default Range enclosures in southern Oromia, Ethiopia: an innovative response or erosion in common property Popular

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Research Update By Bokutache Dida
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010

  • In the pastoralist livelihood, the most important change is physical fencing of areas - but reserving a section of rangeland for later use has always been an integral part of the pastoralist innovation land use system
  • Today, expansion of crop cultivation near towns and increased livestock marketing is triggering de facto private enclosures (e.g. in Moyale District) – these contribute to fragmentation of a rangeland ecosystem that is very inter-connected
  • Pastoralists are responding with community reserves: heaps of hay within enclosures covered for protection from rain and sun; these community ‘fodder banks’ are meant for use in the elongated dry season and drought years

Default Camel Marketing in the Northern Kenya/Southern Ethiopia Borderlands Popular

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Research Update By Hussein Abdullahi Mahmoud (Pwani University College, Kilifi, Kenya)
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010

  • No camel movements were recorded to major
  • Garissa livestock clients, such as Nairobi, Mombasa, Thika, and Mwingi towns – all go to Moyale, Ethiopia.
  • Instead, a vibrant and lucrative camel market in Moyale is on the rise - herders, traders, brokers, and other market actors stand to gain.
  • Likely Kenya government is missing out of billions of Shillings in revenue.

Default Town Camels and Milk Villages: the growth of camel milk marketing in the Somali Region of Ethiopia Popular

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Research Update By Abdi Abdullahi Hussein
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010
  • Recently, the growth of small towns in the Somali region of Ethiopia has spread to pastoralists seeking ties to important new markets
  • Camels are the most important signifier of wealth and determinant of status in the community; their milk has been mostly used for domestic purposes
  • In Gode town, one pastoralist struck on an idea to market camel milk in towns
  • Today, this innovation is spreading widely and hundreds of camels are forming ‘milk villages’ around towns to meet increasing demand

Default Pastoral Innovations and Changing Political Economy of The Orma Pastoralists,Tana Delta, Kenya Popular

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Research Update By Abdirizak A. Nunow
(Moi University, School of Environmental Studies, Eldoret, Kenya, and
Inter-Parliamentary Union of IGAD (IPU-IGAD), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010
  • Huge tracts of land in the Tana Delta, critical pasture resources for the pastoralists, are being set aside for large industrial scale farming for export crops, bio-fuels and minerals
  • More than 25,000 people living in 30 Delta villages stand to be evicted from their ancestral land in favour of corporations and foreign governments
  • In the 2009 drought, there were 3 million heads of cattle in the Delta, coming from as far as Wajir district in north-eastern province.
  • The pastoralists response to the Delta ‘land grabs’ is desperate but some aspects are inspiring

Default Innovation and Distress: Managing Multiple Uncertainties in Laikipia, Kenya Popular

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Research Update By Jeremy Lind (Institute of Development Studies, Sussex) and John Letai (Oxfam GB Regional Office, Nairobi)
FAC Pastoralist Theme, November 2010

  • Pastoralism researchers analyse coping innovations during the 2009 drought that pushed Maasai herders to Mount Kenya.
  • Despite previous brittle social relations, agreements between ranchers and farmers permitted limited grazing of cattle and sheep inside commercial ranches on a controlled basis
  • Herders also cooperated with small-holder farmers living adjacent to the Mt. Kenya forest, whereby Maasai kept the animals on farms during the night and grazed inside the forest at night.
  • Research also noted preference for smaller and improved breeding stock and livelihood diversification.
  • Social contracts and other drought coping strategies will be presented in detail in early 2011 as input into Kenya’s Arid Lands Resource Management Project and its Natural Resource Management component.