Paula Silva Villanueva and Rocio Hiraldo
The purpose of this paper is to map current policy debates on climate change and agriculture in Africa. We analyse the key debates in view of key narratives and associated actor networks, and show how current discussions link to major debates within the agriculture sector over the past decades, helping to address the often missing attention to history in current debates on climate change and agriculture.
Steve Wiggins and Henri Leturque
Understandable concern exists over the state of hunger in Africa: almost one third of the population are estimated to be hungry, while more than a quarter of infants are underweight in the countries to the south of the Sahara. Moreover, parts of Africa are all too often hit by sharp increases in hunger when harvests fail or strife breaks out. Can Africa feed itself? And what needs to be done?
This report reviews the evidence and opinions drawing on available statistics, the considerable literature and interviews by telephone and email with key informants. The review looks at the record on food security, problems and successes of agriculture to date, future challenges, and points of agreement and contention.
While there has been much discussion of the importance
of innovation in African agriculture, remarkably little
has focused on mobile pastoral systems. Everyone agrees
that science, technology and innovation must be at the
centre of economic growth, livelihood improvement and
development more broadly. But it must always be asked:
what innovation - and for whom? Decisions about direction,
diversity and distribution are key in any discussion
of innovation options and wider development
In March 2009 over 50 pastoralists from across
southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya from a dozen
ethnic groups gathered in the Borana lowlands at the
‘University of the Bush’ to debate key pastoral development