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Pastoralism
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Tag: Pastoralism
Timelines

Conference participants developed timelines for specific pastoralist areas where they've worked.

Timelines captured trends (population, markets, rangeland change, climate, water, etc.) as well as events (local leadership change, government change, boundaries, conflict, drought, etc.) and publications of key research or other documents.

Ten timelines were developed and are available to download in pdf format here.

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University of the Bush
When: November 22 – 24,  2010

Where: Kinna, Isiolo District, KENYA

All across northern Kenya pastroralists are talking about the new constitution voted by the Kenya Parliament in August 2010. Devolution of power to the new county system could mean local elected administrations responding better to pastoralist priorities. Defining those priorities and the ways in which the political opportunities can best be engaged is a question on many people’s minds. An upcoming seminar in the University of the Bush series will provide a forum for pastoralists to discuss the new opportunities and share innovations in institutions, trade and technology and how they might be used or developed to make the most of new political space.

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In pictures: The future of pastoralists in Africa
"Pastoralists face insecure livelihoods, but depictions of them as victims of forces beyond their control and dependent on handouts fail to tell the whole story, say organisers of the Future of Pastoralism conference."See a pastoralist photo gallery on The Guardian's Global Development site.

 

Programme
Over 40 papers were presented across 12 panels during the conference. Find the full listing of plenary presentations, all papers, plus panel abstracts here.

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Conference Outputs

Commentaries on each of the 12 panel sessions were provided by participants and are linked below. There are is also a summary of Day 1 and Day 2.

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Day 1 & 2 Summaries
A conference summary  of day and 2  by Amdissa Teshome, FAC Ethiopia.

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Delegates discuss the future of pastoralism

Plenary presentations and delegates reflections on pastoralism's future.

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AU Policy Framework

In October 2010, the African Union released a policy framework for pastoralism in Africa. This was confirmed by the Executive Council in January 2011. This framework is an important step forward for pastoral policy in Africa and provides a firm basis for policymaking across member states.

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Media Coverage
Press release and other media coverage

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Conference Background

The future of pastoralism in Africa is uncertain. Pastoralist areas are experiencing radical changes in access to key resources, options for mobility and opportunities for marketing and trade. These changes present new threats and possibilities for making pastoralist livelihoods stronger. The expansion of irrigation schemes in drylands for commercial agriculture backed by foreign governments and private equity is restricting pastoralist’s access to high value fodder and water.

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University of the Bush: Seminar 2

The second in the series of seminars known as the ‘University of the Bush’ took place at Malka Bisan Adi near Kinna, Kenya, on 22-24 November 2010. Around 50 pastoralists attended from across Kenya and southern Ethiopia. They were joined by the local MP, Hon. Abdul Ali Bahar and MP for Saku and Deputy Minister for the Development of Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands, Hon. Hussein Tari Sasura. Two representatives from DFID-Kenya also attended the seminar.

 

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Researchers discuss pastoralist innovation: Video

FAC Researchers speak about pastoral innovation after presenting five research findings at FAC's University of the Bush in November 2010.

 

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Pastoral Policy in Ethiopia: High Level Seminar
What does the future hold for pastoral areas in Ethiopia? What policy frameworks might work to enhance the economic potential of the livestock sector, as well as assure sustainable livelihoods in the dry zones? These are just some of the questions which were debated in a seminar held in December 2006 at the University of Sussex.

The seminar was co-hosted by the UNOCHA Pastoral Communications Initiativeand the Future Agricultures Consortium. Read the seminar programme and download the workshop report(3.7mb)

The Future of Pastoralism in Africa
An international conference to debate the future of pastoralists in Africa, 21-23 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

The future of pastoralism in Africa is uncertain and radical changes are affecting Pastoralist areas in terms of access to resources, options for mobility and opportunities for marketing. These changes bring new possibilities for making pastoralist livelihoods stronger but many questions remain about the sustainability of these changes: Is there opportunity for a productive, vibrant, market-oriented livelihood system or will pastoralist areas remain a backwater of underdevelopment, marginalisation and severe poverty? How can pastoralist ‘drop-outs’ be supported after they leave the livelihood but continue to interact with the livestock sector?

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E-debate: Pastoralism in Crisis?

Drought in the Horn of Africa – again. With the region's worst drought in over a decade, pastoral households around the Ethiopian, Kenyan and Somali borders have been hard hit. Alongside the humanitarian response, a re-emerging debate on the future of pastoral systems is taking shape. Is the proverbial grass greener on one side than the other?

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Press Release

Immediate Release: March 2011

David Hughes, Future Agricultures Consortium Communications and Networking Officer can be contacted on: +254 716 608 122 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  Website: www.future-agricultures.org 

Pastoralists: moving with the times

Frequently depicted as in crisis, pastoralists are changing the way they live and work in response to new opportunities and threats revealing the resilience that pastoralists have demonstrated for millennia. Accessing new markets and innovating solutions to safeguard incomes, this often misunderstood and marginalised community is re-positioning itself to make the most of the East African economy.

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Publication: Pastoral Innovation Systems

While there has been much discussion of the importance of innovation in African agriculture, remarkably little has focused on mobile pastoral systems. Everyone agrees that science, technology and innovation must be at the centre of economic growth, livelihood improvement and development more broadly. But it must always be asked: what innovation - and for whom? Decisions about direction, diversity and distribution are key in any discussion of innovation options and wider development pathways.

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Conference Links

Find further resources from researchers involved in the conference here.

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Pastoralist Innovation Systems

The research focus of this project has been to explore and critically assess pastoralist innovation systems.

There has been very little literature on innovation in the livestock sector and a particular lack of knowledge on innovation involving pastoralists. Existing formal innovation systems in the livestock sector emphasise the development of new technology and knowledge by scientists, such as cross-breeding livestock and improving methods of artificial insemination, reflecting a bias toward ranching and commercial beef production.

Policy briefing

Innovation works: pastoralists building secure livelihoods in the Horn of Africa (download PDF)

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Conference Participants
Over one hunderd people participated in the conference from around the world. See name and affiliation below.

No

Name

InstitutionalAffiliation

Participation

1

Abdinoor Mohammed

USAID

Chair/panel 11

2

Abdulkarim Mohammed

IRC-PLI

Participant

3

Abdullahi Bashir

 

Participant

4

Abebe Dawit

FIC/Tufts

Speaker/panel 2

5

Admassu Berhanu

FIC/Tufts

Speaker/panel 9

6

Adnew Berhanu

EEA/EEPRI

Participant

7

Akabwai Darlington

FIC/Tufts

Participant

8

Aklilu Yakob

FIC/Tufts

Chair/panel 1, Speaker/panel 6

9

Ali Seid

 

Participant

10

Asfaw Araya

HOAREC(AAU)

Participant

11

Assal Munzoul

Khartoum University

Speaker/panel 7

12

Ayantunde Augustine

ILRI

Speaker/panel 2

13

Babiker Mustafa

Sultan Qaboos University

Speaker /panel 4

14

Bante Halake

WFP

Participant

15

Bayer Ann Waters

Prolonnova International Secretariat

Chair/panel 10, speaker/panel 10

16

Bayer Wolfgang

Agrecol e.v.

Chair/panel 9, speaker/panel 10

17

Behnke Roy

Odessa Centre

Chair/panel 4, speaker/panel 8

18

Bekele Gezu

FIC/Tufts

Participant

19

Bekure Solomon

USAID

Speaker/panel 7

20

Beyene Fekadu

 

Participant

21

Bontrager Elizabeth

FIC/Tufts

Participant

22

Burns John

FIC/Tufts

Participant

23

Carlson Khristopher

FIC/Tufts

Participant

24

Catley Andy

FIC/Tufts

Organizing committee, plenear/opening session, speaker/panel 6, chair/time line and trend analysis

25

Cullen Beth

 

Participant

26

Cullis Adrian

FAO Ethiopia

Participant

27

Desta Solomon

Improved Livelihood Ethiopia

Speaker/panel 11

28

Devereux Stephen

Bio-Enterprise Development Program-Kenya

Speaker/ panel 11

29

Dida Nura

Oromia Pastoralist Association

Speaker/panel 3

30

Doyo Jeldessa

YRC

Participant

31

Duedraoow Hubert

HODRA

Participant

32

Edmealem Shitaye

Ministry of Agriculture

Participant

33

Erickson Polly

ILRI

Speaker/panel 2

34

Farrell Jerry

USAID

Participant

35

Ferreri Jennifer

FAC

Participant

36

Flintan Fiona

International land Coalition

Speaker/panel 7 &12

37

Fratkin Elliot

Massachusetts University

Speaker/panel 5

38

Frei betsi

George Washington University

Participant

38

Gallaty John

McGill University

Plenear, speaker/panel 4

40

GerbreMichael Yohannes

AAU

Speaker/panel 10

41

Gebremariam Ayele

 

Participant

42

Gebru Getachew

Improved Livelihoods Ethiopia

Speaker/panel 11

43

Getachew Girum

Bayreuth University-Germany

Speaker/panel 8

44

Getahun Tezera

PFE/Director

Participant

45

Goldsmith Paul

Development management Policy Forum/Kenya

Speaker/panel 3

46

Graham John

USAID

Participant

47

HaileGebriel Abebe

AU

Panel discussion/opening session

48

HaileMariam Solomon

 

Participant

49

Hassen Ahmed

DFID

Participant

50

Healy Sally

Chatham House,UK

Chair/panel 3

51

Hesse Ced

IIED

Speaker/panel 1

52

Hodgson Dorothy

Rutgers University

Chair/panel 12

53

Hon. Shiferaw TekleMariam

Minister of Federal Affairs

Opening speech

54

Hon. Hussein Tarry Sasura

Government of Kenya

Panel discussion/opening session

55

Hon. Luka Deng

Government of Southern Sudan

Panel discussion/opening session

56

Hon. Mohammed Yesuf

Chair person of the pastoral Standing Committee of the Parliament

Participant

57

Hopkins Charles

CARE

Participant

58

Hughes David

FAC

Participant

59

Hussein Abdi

FAC

Speaker/panel 10

60

Hussein Kemal

ILRI

Participant

61

Karimi Susan

World Vision Kenya

Participant

62

Kipuri Naomi

 

Participant

63

Kratli Saverio

IUAES Commission on Nomadic People

Speaker/panel 9

64

Kulu Molu

PSI

Participant

65

Kweka Opportuna

Dares Salaam University/Tanzania

Speaker/panel 8

66

Leeuw Jan De

ILRI

Speaker/panel 2

67

Letai John

OXFAM GB HECA region

Speaker/panel 10

68

Lind Jeremy

FAC

Organizing committee, plenear/opening session, speaker/panel 10

69

Little Peter

Emory University

Chair/panel 7

70

Mahamat H.hassane

 

Participant

71

Mahmoud Hessein Abdullahi

FAC and Pwani University College

Speaker/panel 6

72

McCabe J.Terry

University of Colorado Boulder

Chair/panel 2

73

McMillan Susan

 

Participant

73

Meehan Fiona

 

Participant

75

Moiko Stephen

McGill University

Speaker/panel 5

76

Monimart Marie

IIED

Speaker/panel 12

77

Morton John

Greenwich University

Speaker/panel 6

78

Muchunguzi Charles

Mbarara University

Speaker/panel 4

79

Mude Andrew

ILRI

Speaker/panel 11

80

Mulatu Abebe

Tetratech ARD

Speaker/panel 7

81

Newsham Andy

FAC

Participant

82

Ngency Nora

 

Participant

83

Nkedianye David

Reto-o-Reto Foundation

Speaker/panel 2

84

Nunow Abdirizak

Moi University/Kenya

Speaker/panel 4

85

Okali Christine

 

Participant

86

Onyimbo Winfred

Wren Media

Participant

87

Orto Tumal

PSI

Speaker/panel 3

88

Peter Gufu Oba

Noragric, Norwegian University

Speaker/panel 2, plenear

89

Plati Leah

IDS/Sussex University

Participant

90

Radice Holly

SC UK

Participant

91

Rahim Afaf

FIC/Tufts

Participant

92

Rettberg Simone

Bayreuth University

Speaker/panel 3

93

Ruhindi Everse

PENHA

Speaker/panel 12

94

Ruiz-Bascaran Maria

SC UK

Participant

95

Sadler Kate

FIC/Tufts

Participant

96

Said Ahmed

 

Participant

97

Salah Yasin Mahadi

CAMCO

Participant

98

Sandford Stephen

Private

Plenear, speaker/panel 8

99

Scoones Ian

FAC

Organizing committee, chair/opening session, plenear, closing remarks and thanks

100

Sheikh Hamid

 

Participant

101

Shide Ahmed

Government of Ethiopia/MFED

Panel discussion/ opening session

102

Shiferaw Yoseph

FIC/Tufts

Participant

103

Siele David

Government of Kenya

Speaker/panel 9

104

Smith Kevin

 

Participant

105

Speranza Chinwe

Bern University

Speaker/panel 5

106

Sumberg Jim

FAC

Chair/panel 8

107

Swift Jeremy

Freelance

Plenear

108

Tachida Boku

FAC

Speaker/panel 10

109

Teshome Amdissa

FAC

Opening speech

110

Tewodros Assefa

PCDP

Participant

111

Thendiu N. Isaac

USAID

Speaker/panel 1

112

Thompson John

FAC

Participant

113

Tilahun Amede

ILRI

Participant

114

Turton Cate

DFID

Chair/panel 6

115

Watson Cathy

Legs/Tufts

Participant

116

Wren Susie

Bio-Trade Enterprise Development Program, Kenya

Participant

117

Young Helen

FIC/Tufts

Chair/panel 5